In this chapter, we'll explore the relationship between samples and statistically justifiable conclusions. Choosing a sample is the basis of making sound statistical decisions, and we’ll explore how the choice of a sample affects the outcome of your inference.
Learn all about applying normality tests, correlation tests, and parametric and non-parametric tests for sound inference. Hypothesis tests are tools, and choosing the right tool for the job is critical for statistical decision-making. While you may be familiar with some of these tests in introductory courses, you'll go deeper to enhance your inferential toolkit in this chapter.
In this chapter, you'll measure and interpret effect size in various situations, encounter the multiple comparisons problem, and explore the power of a test in depth. While p-values tell you if a significant effect is present, they don't tell you how strong that effect is. Effect size measures how strong an effect a treatment has. Master the factors underpinning effect size in this chapter.
You’ll expand your inferential statistics toolkit further with a look at bootstrapping, permutation tests, and methods of combining evidence from p-values. Bootstrapping will provide you with a first look at statistical simulation. In the lesson meta-analysis, you’ll learn all about combining results from multiple studies. You’ll end with a look at permutation tests, a powerful and flexible non-parametric statistical tool.