Exercise

# Simulations in R

So the key is to compare Kobe's data with that of a shooter who we know to have independent shots. While we don't have any such data, that is very easy to simulate in R.

In a **simulation**, you set the ground rules of a random process and then the computer uses random numbers to generate an outcome that adheres to those rules. As a simple example, you can simulate flipping a fair coin with the following commands.

```
outcomes <- c("heads", "tails")
sample(outcomes, size = 1, replace = TRUE)
```

The vector `outcomes`

can be thought of as a hat with two slips of paper in it: one slip says “heads” and the other says “tails”. The function `sample()`

draws one slip from the hat and tells us if it was a head or a tail.

*Don't worry if you don't completely understand the code right now. We'll explain it throughout the remainder of this lab.*

Instructions

**100 XP**

Paste the second command listed above several times in the editor and hit Submit Answer. Just like when flipping a coin, sometimes you'll get a head, sometimes you'll get a tail, but in the long run, you'd expect to get roughly equal numbers of each.