The AI landscape is evolving rapidly, and Large Language Models (LLMs) are at the forefront of this evolution. This chapter examines how LLMs are advancing the development of human-like artificial intelligence and transforming industries through their numerous applications. You will explore the challenges and complexity associated with language modeling.
This chapter emphasizes the novelty of LLMs and their emergent capabilities while outlining various NLP techniques for data preparation. You will learn the challenges of training LLMs and how fine-tuning can effectively address them. You will also understand how N-shot learning techniques enable efficient adaptation of pre-trained models when faced with limited labeled data.
In this chapter, you will learn about the fundamental building blocks of training an LLM, such as pre-training techniques. You'll also gain an intuitive understanding of complex concepts like transformer architecture, including the attention mechanism. The chapter discusses an advanced fine-tuning technique and summarizes the training process to complete an LLM.
In this chapter, we delve into the key considerations when training LLMs, such as large data availability, data quality, accurate labeling, and the implications of biased data. You will also examine various LLM risks like data privacy, ethical concerns, and environmental impact. Lastly, the chapter concludes by discussing emerging research areas and the evolving landscape of LLMs.