In this chapter, you will be introduced to the concepts of geospatial data, and more specifically of vector data. You will then learn how to represent such data in Python using the GeoPandas library, and the basics to read, explore and visualize such data. And you will exercise all this with some datasets about the city of Paris.
One of the key aspects of geospatial data is how they relate to each other in space. In this chapter, you will learn the different spatial relationships, and how to use them in Python to query the data or to perform spatial joins. Finally, you will also learn in more detail about choropleth visualizations.
In this chapter, we will take a deeper look into how the coordinates of the geometries are expressed based on their Coordinate Reference System (CRS). You will learn the importance of those reference systems and how to handle it in practice with GeoPandas. Further, you will also learn how to create new geometries based on the spatial relationships, which will allow you to overlay spatial datasets. And you will further practice this all with Paris datasets!
In this final chapter, we leave the Paris data behind us, and apply everything we have learnt up to now on a brand new dataset about artisanal mining sites in Eastern Congo. Further, you will still learn some new spatial operations, how to apply custom spatial operations, and you will get a sneak preview into raster data.