Exercise

# Data encoding

**Encoding of categorical data** makes them useful for machine learning algorithms.
R encodes factors *internally*, but encoding is necessary for the development of your *own models*.

In this exercise, you'll first build a linear model using `lm()`

and then develop your own model step-by-step.

In **one hot encoding**, a separate column is created for each of the levels.

Note that one of the columns can be derived based on the others (e.g. 0's in the columns "B" and "C" imply 1 in the "A" column). So, you can drop the first column for the linear regression. We will review linear models in more detail in the next chapter.

For one hot encoding, you can use `dummyVars()`

from the `caret`

package.

To use it, first create the encoder and then transform the dataset:

```
encoder <- dummyVars(~ category, data = df)
predict(encoder, newdata = df)
```

The complete cases of the survey dataset from the MASS package are available as `survey`

.
The `caret`

package has been preloaded.

Instructions 1/3

**undefined XP**

- Fit a linear model that predicts
`Pulse`

by`Exer`

using`survey`

data; what are the model's coefficients?