What is financial trading, why do people trade, and what’s the difference between technical trading and value investing? This chapter answers all these questions and more. You’ll also learn useful tools to explore trading data, generate plots, and how to implement and backtest a simple trading strategy in Python.
Let's dive into the world of technical indicators—a useful tool for constructing trading signals and building strategies. You’ll get familiar with the three main indicator groups, including moving averages, ADX, RSI, and Bollinger Bands. By the end of this chapter, you’ll be able to calculate, plot, and understand the implications of indicators in Python.
You’re now ready to construct signals and use them to build trading strategies. You’ll get to know the two main styles of trading strategies: trend following and mean reversion. Working with real-life stock data, you’ll gain hands-on experience in implementing and backtesting these strategies and become more familiar with the concepts of strategy optimization and benchmarking.
How is your trading strategy performing? Now it’s time to take a look at the detailed statistics of the strategy backtest result. You’ll gain knowledge of useful performance metrics, such as returns, drawdowns, Calmar ratio, Sharpe ratio, and Sortino ratio. You’ll then tie it all together by learning how to obtain these ratios from the backtest results and evaluate the strategy performance on a risk-adjusted basis.